The Syrian crisis is to be resolved by a transition government consisting of the current authorities and opposition leaders. The proposal was announced by UN-Arab League envoy Kofi Annan after talks in Geneva.
The unity government should be formed on the basis of mutual consent, said Annan. The Syrian-led transition should take place within a fixed period of time.
Annan, announcing the official communiqué of the international meeting in Geneva, called on the Syrian regime and opposition groups to start implementing his six-point peace plan immediately, without waiting for the other side.
The envoy stressed several times that it is up to Syrians to determine their political future.
Prior to the conference, Annan had proposed a plan for a unity government in Syria excluding political figures that compromise the country’s stability, effectively calling for the removal of President Assad. But Russia refused to back such a provision.
Annan said some common ground is yet to be found. Foreign ministers, who took part in the conference in Geneva, will make up a regular working group on the Syrian crisis. A new round of Syria talks can take place in Moscow, revealed diplomatic sources.
During the meeting, British Foreign Secretary William Hague called for the UN Security Council to draft a resolution imposing sanctions against the Arab country. He also maintained that President al-Assad and his close associates could not lead a transition, reports Reuters.
“Without [a UNSC resolution] and the prospect of penalties for non-compliance, there can be little credible pressure on the Syrian regime and other parties to change course,” said Hague.
If there is no resolution to the Syrian crisis, UN observers will have to withdraw from the Arab country, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon warned the conference on Saturday.
The violent uprisings that started over 16 months ago in Syria have become increasingly more militarized over the last few months. Both the Syrian President and UN envoy Annan have classified the conflict as an all-out war.
The UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon said that the death toll has reached over 10,000, while opposition groups say that the figure is a lot higher.